Indian plants and fauna are reps of the country's rich biodiversity. Positive climate has actually brought about the growing of Indian vegetation and animals. India is honored with mountains, plains, deserts, thick woodlands, islands, havens, swamp lands, highlands as well as several various other eco areas. These eco areas vary in terms of flora and animals, which are scattered throughout the subcontinent. Indian vegetation and animals is practical in advertising tourist in the country. It is taken into consideration to be a gateway to discover the striking natural charm that enwraps India.
Indian Flora Indian plants includes a wide array of aboriginal or indigenous plant types, which have economic, spiritual and also social importance. Abundance of vegetation includes resplendence to the pristine Indian nature. The floral riches of India varies from alpine to temperate thorn, thick exotic woodlands to temperate woods, cone-bearing trees to evergreen trees as well as scrubs to deciduous woodlands. Indian forests vary from exotic rain forest to coniferous forest. Other woodland types are sal-dominated damp deciduous forest, teak-dominated completely dry deciduous woodland, babul-dominated thorn woodland etc. There are greater than 45000 plant types in India. Indian plants can be grouped into several groups like yearly plants, biennial plants, perennial plants, bulb plants, hedges, natural herbs, medical plants and also creeping plants, climbers as well as climbers. Indian trees can be grouped into gardening trees, lumber trees, medical trees, evergreen trees, deciduous trees, flowering trees, flowerless trees, seaside trees as well as sacred trees. The nationwide tree of India is Banyan tree. Mango is formally the national fruit of India, which expands on mango tree. Indian flowers present a fascinating sight along with their interesting scent. Lotus is the national flower of India. As per the distribution of vegetation, the country can be categorized into several zones namely, eastern Mountain range, western Mountain range, Indus plain, Ganga plain, Assam, Malabar, Deccan and also Andamans.
Indian Fauna Indian wildlife consists of regarding 410 kinds of animals, virtually 1301 types of birds and 30,000 kinds of pests. Even more, a broad variety of pets, amphibians, reptiles and also fishes are discovered in India, as per the census estimate. Creatures found in India consist of lions, elephant, rhinoceros, wild bison, deer, apes, wild goats, and so on. The nationwide pet of India is imperial Bengal tiger. Reptiles consist of a multitude of lizards, serpents, crocodiles, etc. The nationwide bird of India is peacock. A few of the common Indian birds are geese ducks, mynas, pigeons, cranes, pheasants, parakeets and also hornbills.
The virgin woodlands provide ideal environments to the Indian wild animals. To shield the wildlife, over 120 national parks, wild animals havens, bird sanctuaries, etc are preserved by the Government of India. These protected areas are known to spread over a location of about 156,700 square kilometers, since May, 2004. Indian states like Rajasthan, Karnataka, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and others are renowned for their national forests. Similarly, wildlife sanctuaries, bird sanctuaries, and so on are located in different parts of India.