India is located north of the equator between 8 ° 4 'north (the mainland) to 37 ° 6 'north latitude as well as 68 ° 7' eastern to 97 ° 25'eastern longitude. It is the seventh-largest nation on the planet, with an overall area of 3,287,263 square kilometres (1,269,219 sq mi). India gauges 3,214 kilometres (1,997 mi) from north to south as well as 2,933 kilometres (1,822 mi) from eastern to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) as well as a coastline of 7,516.6 kilometres (4,671 mi).
On the south, India jobs into and also is bounded by the Indian Ocean-- in certain, by the Arabian Sea on the west, the Lakshadweep Sea to the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the eastern, and also the Indian Ocean proper to the south. The Palk Strait as well as Gulf of Mannar different India from Sri Lanka to its instant southeast, and also the Maldives are some 125 kilometres (78 mi) to the south of India's Lakshadweep Islands throughout the Eight Degree Channel. India's Andaman as well as Nicobar Islands, some 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) southeast of the landmass, share maritime boundaries with Myanmar, Thailand and also Indonesia. Kanyakumari at 8 ° 4 ′ 41 ″ N as well as 77 ° 55 ′ 230 ″ E is the southernmost tip of the Indian landmass, while the most southern point in India is Indira Point on Great Nicobar Island. The northernmost factor which is under Indian management is Indira Col, Siachen Glacier. India's territorial waters extend into the sea to a distance of 12 maritime miles (13.8 mi; 22.2 kilometres) from the coastline standard. India has the 18th largest Exclusive Economic Zone of 2,305,143 km2 (890,021 sq mi).
The north frontiers of India are specified mostly by the Himalayan range of mountains, where the nation borders China, Bhutan, and also Nepal. Its western boundary with Pakistan hinges on the Karakoram variety, Punjab Plains, the Thar Desert and the Rann of Kutch salt marshes. In the much northeast, the Chin Hills and Kachin Hills, deeply forested hilly regions, different India from Burma. On the east, its boundary with Bangladesh is mostly defined by the Khasi Hills and Mizo Hills, and the watershed area of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.
The Ganges is the lengthiest river coming from India. The Ganges-- Brahmaputra system inhabits the majority of north, main, as well as eastern India, while the Deccan Plateau occupies a lot of southern India. Kangchenjunga, in the Indian state of Sikkim, is the highest factor in India at 8,586 m (28,169 ft) as well as the world's 3rd greatest optimal. The climate across India ranges from equatorial in the far south, to alpine as well as tundra in the top areas of the Himalayas. Geologically, India rests on the Indian Plate, the north part of the Indo-Australian Plate.