The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) Force was increased on 24 October, 1962. Currently, the ITBP mostly guards 3,488 kilometres long India-China boundaries varying from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh. Apart from this, the Force also has important functions in many internal safety and security obligations and procedures versus the Left Wing Extremism in the state of Chhattisgarh.
A lot of the ITBP's Border Out Posts (BOPs) are located at altitudes varying from 9,000 ft to 18,800 feet where temperature levels go down to minus 45 degrees Celsius in severe winter seasons.
ITBP is a specialized Armed Police Force of the Nation which trains its employees in numerous disciplines including mountaineering and winter sports in addition to intensive tactical training, consequently producing a distinctive picture of the Force.
ITBP additionally carries out relief and also rescue procedures as 'First Responders' for all-natural catastrophes in the Himalayan area.
The Force has a marvelous history of the past 6 years in which the jawans of the ITBP have actually made many sacrifices in the line of obligation and in the service of the Nation.
Indo-Tibetan Border Police was elevated on October 24, 1962 for rearranging the frontier knowledge and also safety set up along the Indo-Tibetan boundary. Only four Battalions were approved to start with. ITBP was initially increased under the CRPF Act. However, in 1992, parliament enacted the ITBPF Act as well as the regulations there under were framed in 1994.
With extra jobs delegated to ITBP once in a while on boundary securing, counter insurgency and internal safety and security duties, the number of ITBP Battalions raised gradually and ITBP presently has 56 service Battalions, 4 Specialist Battalions, 17 Training Centres as well as 07 logistics facilities with an overall stamina of approx. 90,000 employees.
In the year 2004, in pursuance of GoM recommendations on "One Border One Force", the entire stretch of India-China Border comprising 3488 Kms was assigned to the ITBP for Border Guarding responsibility and also, accordingly, ITBP, replaced Assam Rifles in Sikkim as well as Arunachal Pradesh in 2004.
The adage of the Force is "Shaurya-Dridhata-Karma Nishtha" (Valour-- Determination-- Devotion to Duty). All ranks of ITBP are devoted to guard the boundaries with valour, determination and also commitment to obligation. The Force has actually earned number of decorations like Padmashree-7, Kirti Chakra-2 Shaurya Chakra-6, Sena Medal-1, President's Police Medal for Gallantry-19, Police Medal for Gallantry -91, Parakram Padak-79, President's Police and also Fire Service Medals for Gallantry-2, Prime Minister's Life Saving Medal-86, Jeewan Raksha Padak -06, Sarvottam Jeewan Raksha Padak-- 02, Uttam Jeewan Raksha Padak-- 13, Tenzing Norgay Adventure Award -12 etc. for its many achievements in the past.
Numerous facets of pressure
Presently ITBP has been guarding India-China boundary in Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and also Uttarakhand, Sikkim as well as Arunachal Pradesh states from the Karakoram pass in Jammu & Kashmir to Jechap La in Arunachal Pradesh. The elevation of ITBP BOPs ranges from 9,000 ft to 18,750 ft where temperature level dips to (-) 45 degree Celsius.
ITBP Battalions are also supplying security to numerous installations of nationwide value throughout the country, which includes Rashtrapati Bhawan, Vice President House, Rumtek Monastery (Sikkim), Tihar Jail (N Delhi), LBSNAA (UKD) as well as numerous sensitive setups in Chandigarh (Punjab) & Jammu (J&K).
Because boosted Maoist activities in various parts of the Country, ITBP was inducted in District Rajnandgaon (Chhattisgarh) in December 2009 to prevent naxal hazard. Currently, 8 Bns are deployed in Rajnandgaon, Narayanpur & Kondagaon Districts of Chhattisgarh.
Currently, a well outfitted as well as very trained group of elite commandos are deployed in Afghanistan for offering safety to the Indian Embassy in Kabul and 4 Consulates General.
ITBP has also excelled in UN peacekeeping procedures. The Force employees were released for peacekeeping operations in Angola, Namibia, Cambodia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Mozambique and Kosovo. A National Centre for UNCIVPOL training has been arrangement at ITBP Camp, Tigri and New Delhi for providing organized training to Indian Police Officers for release in UN Mission.
ITBP is additionally providing security, communication as well as clinical cover to the explorers during the Annual Kailash Mansarovar Yatra considering that 1981. ITBP supplies interaction, safety and medical cover to the yatries from Gunji to Lipulekh Pass as well as back to Gunji in co-ordination with MEA and Kumaon Mandal Vikas Nigam. Considering that 2015, the Kailash Mansarovar Yatra is also being conducted from Nathula course and also ITBP is giving similar assistance for explorers in this course also.
Being the initial responder for natural Disaster in Himalayas, ITBP was the first to establish 7 Regional Response Centres and performed many rescue as well as alleviation procedures in all calamity scenarios, which took location in our locations of responsibility along with various other components of the nation. In a historical rescue and also relief procedure in 2013, the ITBP saved 33,009 explorers from severe scenario from char dham yatra courses in Uttarakhand in the 15 day rescue initiative by the Force. 15 Himveers set their lives on 25th June, 2013 in a Helicopter crash during this rescue procedure.
ITBP conducts a multitude of medical civic activity programs in remote border and also terrorist/naxal affected locations to give complimentary and also expert clinical, health and also health care to the private populace in remote towns.
ITBP goes to the forefront of movement for the preservation of Himalayan environment & ecology. ITBP has taken up in a big means the job of greening the Himalayan areas particularly in Inner Himalayas. Being the only human presence on forward locations, it has taken on itself the task of preserving the fragile equilibrium of plants and fauna.