Indian ocean

Indiainfo Indian Sea, body of salt water covering approximately one-fifth of the overall sea area of the globe. It is the smallest, geologically youngest, and physically most intricate of the world's three significant oceans (Pacific, Atlantic, and also Indian). It goes for more than 6,200 miles (10,000 km) between the southerly suggestions of Africa and Australia and, without its minimal seas, has an area of regarding 27,243,000 square miles (70,560,000 square kilometres). The Indian Sea's average deepness is 12,274 feet (3,741 metres), and also its inmost point, in the Sunda Deep of the Java Trench off the southern shore of the island of Java (Indonesia), is 24,442 feet (7,450 metres).

The Indian Sea is bounded by Iran, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh to the north; the Malay Peninsula, the Sunda Islands of Indonesia, and Australia to the eastern; the Southern Sea to the south; and also Africa as well as the Arabian Peninsula to the west. In the southwest it joins the Atlantic Ocean southern of the southerly pointer of Africa, and also to the east as well as southeast its waters mingle with those of the Pacific Ocean. The inquiry of specifying the nautical limitations of the Indian Sea is complicated as well as continues to be unsettled. The clearest boundary as well as the one most generally agreed upon is that with the Atlantic Sea, which runs from Cape Agulhas, at the southern suggestion of Africa, due southern along the 20 ° E meridian. The boundary with the Pacific Sea to the southeast is normally drawn from South East Cape on the island of Tasmania southern along the 147 ° E meridian.
Bass Strait, between Tasmania as well as Australia, is thought about by some to be part of the Indian Ocean and also by others to be part of the Pacific. The northeastern boundary is one of the most tough to define. The one most normally set runs northwest from Cape Londonderry in Australia across the Timor Sea, along the southern coasts of the Lesser Sunda Islands and of Java, and after that throughout the Sunda Strait to the shores of the island of Sumatra. In between Sumatra as well as the Malay Peninsula the border is generally attracted throughout the Singapore Strait.
There is no universal agreement on the southerly limit of the Indian Sea. In general (as well as for the purposes of this post), it is specified as prolonging southward to latitude 60 ° S, based on the recognition by numerous scientists as well as various other authorities of the visibility of the Southern Sea southern of this line. Some authorities, nonetheless, keep that the Indian Sea reaches the Antarctic coastline.

The Indian Sea has the least marginal seas of the major oceans. To the north are the inland Red Sea and also Persian Gulf. The Arabian Sea is to the northwest, as well as the Andaman Sea to the northeast. The big gulfs of Aden and also Oman are to the northwest, the Bay of Bengal is to the northeast, and also the Great Australian Bight is off the southerly coast of Australia.
The Indian Sea differs from the Atlantic and also Pacific oceans in numerous other respects. In the North Hemisphere it is landlocked and does not extend to Arctic waters or have a temperate-to-cold zone. It has less islands and narrower continental shelves. It is the only sea with a crooked as well as, in the north, semiannually turning around surface flow. It has no different resource of lower water (i.e., the Indian Ocean's lower water stems outside its limits) and also has 2 resources of highly saline water (the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea). Below the surface layers, especially in the north, the ocean's water is extremely low in oxygen.

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