geographical map of India

Indiainfo India is positioned north of the equator in between 8 ° 4 'north (the mainland) to 37 ° 6 'north latitude and also 68 ° 7' east to 97 ° 25'eastern longitude. It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a complete location of 3,287,263 square kilometres (1,269,219 sq mi). India determines 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and also 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west.

It has a land frontier of 15,200 kilometres (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,516.6 kilometres (4,671 mi).

On the south, India tasks right into and is bounded by the Indian Ocean-- particularly, by the Arabian Sea on the west, the Lakshadweep Sea to the southwest, the Bay of Bengal on the eastern, and the Indian Ocean appropriate to the south.

The Palk Strait as well as Gulf of Mannar different India from Sri Lanka to its prompt southeast, and also the Maldives are some 125 kilometres (78 mi) to the south of India's Lakshadweep Islands throughout the Eight Degree Channel. India's Andaman as well as Nicobar Islands, some 1,200 kilometres (750 mi) southeast of the landmass, share maritime borders with Myanmar, Thailand and Indonesia. Kanyakumari at 8 ° 4 ′ 41 ″ N as well as 77 ° 55 ′ 230 ″ E is the most southern suggestion of the Indian landmass, while the most southern factor in India is Indira Point on Great Nicobar Island. The northernmost point which is under Indian management is Indira Col, Siachen Glacier. India's territorial waters extend into the sea to a distance of 12 maritime miles (13.8 mi; 22.2 km) from the coast standard. India has the 18th biggest Exclusive Economic Zone of 2,305,143 km2 (890,021 sq mi).

The northern frontiers of India are defined largely by the Himalayan mountain variety, where the nation boundaries China, Bhutan, as well as Nepal. Its western boundary with Pakistan lies in the Karakoram array, Punjab Plains, the Thar Desert as well as the Rann of Kutch salt marshes. In the much northeast, the Chin Hills and Kachin Hills, deeply forested hilly regions, separate India from Burma. On the east, its boundary with Bangladesh is mainly specified by the Khasi Hills and Mizo Hills, and the watershed area of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

The Ganges is the lengthiest river coming from India. The Ganges-- Brahmaputra system inhabits most of north, central, and also eastern India, while the Deccan Plateau occupies most of southerly India. Kangchenjunga, in the Indian state of Sikkim, is the greatest factor in India at 8,586 m (28,169 ft) and the world's third highest optimal. The environment throughout India ranges from equatorial in the far south, to alpine and tundra in the top areas of the Himalayas. Geologically, India rests on the Indian Plate, the northern part of the Indo-Australian Plate.

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