Independence Day is commemorated annually on 15 August as a legal holiday in India memorializing the nation's freedom from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947, the day when the provisions of the 1947 Indian Independence Act, which transferred legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly, entered into effect. India maintained King George VI as head of state till its transition to a republic, when the nation took on the Constitution of India on 26 January 1950 (commemorated as Indian Republic Day) and also replaced the preeminence prefix, Dominion of India, with the enactment of the sovereign law Constitution of India. India acquired freedom following the Independence Movement noted for mainly non-violent resistance as well as civil disobedience.
Freedom synchronized with the partition of India, in which British India was separated along religious lines right into the Dominions of India as well as Pakistan; the dividers was accompanied by fierce riots and also mass casualties, and also the displacement of nearly 15 million individuals as a result of religious violence. On 15 August 1947, the very first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian nationwide flag over the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi. On each subsequent Independence Day, the incumbent Prime Minister usually raises the flag and provides an address to the nation. The whole occasion is transmitted by Doordarshan, India's nationwide broadcaster, as well as normally starts with the shehnai music of Ustad Bismillah Khan. Independence Day is observed throughout India with flag-hoisting events, ceremonies and social occasions. It is a legal holiday.
Self-reliance Day, among the three National holidays in India (the various other two being the Republic Day on 26 January and Mahatma Gandhi's birthday on 2 October), is observed in all Indian states as well as union regions. On the eve of Independence Day, the President of India provides the "Address to the Nation". On 15 August, the Prime Minister raises the Indian flag on the barricades of the historic website of Red Fort in Delhi. Twenty-one gun shots are discharged in honour of the solemn celebration. In his speech, the Prime Minister highlights the previous year's accomplishments, raises important concerns and requires further growth. He commemorates the leaders of the Indian self-reliance motion. The Indian nationwide anthem, "Jana Gana Mana", is sung. The speech is followed by a march past of departments of the Indian Armed Forces and paramilitary pressures. Parades as well as contests display scenes from the freedom battle as well as India's varied cultural customs. Similar events take location in state fundings where the Chief Ministers of specific states unfurl the national flag, followed by ceremonies and pageants. Until 1973, the Governor of the State hoisted the National Flag at the State funding. In February 1974, the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, M. Karunanidhi took up the issue with then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi that the Chief Ministers, like the Prime Minister, should be enabled to lift the nationwide flag on Independence Day. Considering that 1974, Chief Ministers of the corresponding states have been enabled to raise the national flag on Independence Day.
Flag raising ceremonies and social programs happen in governmental and non-governmental organizations throughout the nation. Institutions and also universities carry out flag lifting ceremonies and also various cultural occasions. Governmental as well as non-governmental institutions embellish their facilities with paper, balloon designs with danglings of flexibility boxer pictures on their walls and also significant federal government structures are typically decorated with strings of lights. In Delhi and also a few other cities, kite flying includes to the celebration. National flags of different sizes are used perfectly to symbolise allegiance to the country. People decorate their apparel, wristbands, cars, household devices with replicas of the tri-colour. Over a time period, the event has changed focus from nationalism to a wider event of all things India.
The Indian diaspora celebrates Independence Day worldwide with parades and also pageants, especially in areas with higher concentrations of Indian immigrants. In some places, such as New York as well as other United States cities, 15 August has come to be "India Day" amongst the diaspora as well as the neighborhood population. Pageants celebrate "India Day" either on 15 August or an adjoining weekend day.